The bladder is a muscular, hollow organ that stores urine. When a person urinates, the bladder empties and the muscles of the pelvic floor relax.
Overactive bladder is a condition that causes a frequent and sudden urge to urinate that may be difficult to control.
You may feel like you need to pass urine many times during the day and night, and may also experience unintentional loss of urine (urgency incontinence). It is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide.
If you have an overactive bladder, you may feel a sudden urge to urinate that's difficult to control, experience unintentional loss of urine immediately after an urgent need to urinate (urgency incontinence), urinate frequently, usually eight or more times in 24 hours and wake up more than two times in the night to urinate (nocturia).
If you have an overactive bladder, you may be able to manage symptoms with simple behavioral strategies, such as dietary changes, timed voiding and bladder-holding techniques using your pelvic floor muscles.
It is important to note that overactive bladder isn't a typical part of aging. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms and they are distressing you or disrupting your life, talk to your GP or healthcare professional. A brief evaluation can determine whether there's a specific cause for your overactive bladder symptoms. They will also discuss with you additional treatments that might be available.